I have a student who is stretching every time I see her. Always! She has a teacher who wants her to have a penché of 180 degrees, which is difficult because she has tight hamstrings, even though we’ve been working on stretching them. She says she is in a lot of pain and I’ve asked her to back off on the stretching but another teacher told her she needs to stretch her hips. Now the student is conflicted… does she stretch? or rest? And what stretches are best for her to do?
Wow! Great question… let’s work through some of the issues.
How is she stretching?
What I don’t know is her age and where she is feeling her pain. If she is still growing and feeling her discomfort in the muscles I would make sure she isn’t stretching passively – and instead encourage her to do more dynamic stretching. An example of a dynamic hamstring stretch is placing your left heel on the seat of a chair and contracting the quadriceps of left thigh. Then think of shifting the sits bone backwards in space without bending forward. Keep the foot flexed and the quads contracted the whole time. It will feel different from the normal hamstring stretch. Stretching dynamically, she is less likely to go to far and strain muscles. Here’s an older article I wrote on ‘Too Young For Splits Training? you might want to check out.
Where is her pain?
I’m really curious where she is feeling pain. If she is feeling it in the hip joints I would encourage you to send her to a sports med doctor or PT that is well-versed in the demands of the dancer. Any labral tears or joint challenges need to be ruled out to make sure she isn’t forcing her body into positions that are injuring the joint. There have been many examples of young dancers forcing their stretching and damaging the joint capsule, for example.
Consider this student’s overall muscle balance. Where does she fall on the spectrum between a loosey-goosey dancer and one that is tight and strong? Is her flexibility and strength fairly even? Could she weak and tight and thus has a hard time supporting her movement from proper alignment? It may sound counter intuitive but some dancers would be better off gaining some functional strength in their movement. For example, can this student sit on a chair and rock forward onto one leg and stand up easily without having the knee turn in or the foot pronating? Can she easily stand in one position and do the smallest of tips forward and back to center as if she was starting into her penché?
Penché is quite a complicated movement that requires balance, flexibility, strength and a well placed pelvis and torso! I have no doubt that there are other ways for her to work towards penché without focusing just on flexibility. You were right in telling her to back off what is creating pain. Hopefully, with some further analysis it will become clearer what the underlying issues are.
To your success,