Troublesome Trigger Points

Most everyone has experienced the uncomfortable sensations of a trigger point.  It’s that dull ache or sore spot in your muscles.  You think – if only I could stretch it out – and then go to town with stretching – but it doesn’t really help. 

Then you try taking ibuprofen or another anti-inflammatory drug – but it doesn’t decrease the discomfort by much.  Taking a hot shower or bath feels good and decreases the nagging pain – but doesn’t last as long as you like. 

You may have some pesky trigger points! Currently the more official way to describe them is as myofascial trigger points or myofascial pain syndrome if you have a bunch of trigger points influencing your body. 

One more thing – trigger point discomfort sneaks up on you.  You don’t yell ‘ouch’ and think – I have a new trigger point!  They often appear after muscle strains have healed but the area still feels stiff and sore.  You may or may not feel a lump or knot in the muscle.  The pain seems to come out of nowhere!  

They can be quite challenging to get rid of – but hopefully some of the following suggestions will be useful.  You’ll know by how your body responds – and of course – if you have continued pain or can’t seem to make any headway from your own efforts – please seek medical guidance. 

Here are a few suggestions for treating trigger points

Don’t chase the pain!  

It’s really tempting to focus right where it hurts.  Trigger points often refer pain into other areas and if you just work where it hurts, you might not be working where the problem is. 


There are many gifted massage therapists out there with varying abilities to work with myofascial pain syndromes.  One of the cool things I always loved about going to get a massage was becoming more aware of where I had muscle tension.  You may want to explore having a true myofascial session where the therapist works the fascial lines of the body.  

Even a whole body massage will wake up your sensory systems and you become more aware of hidden tension patterns.  Thomas Hanna coined a phrase called SMA (Sensory Motor Amnesia) and basically it means that your sensory connection to that area has decreased.

It wasn’t unusual that after working with a client who had a chronic condition to have them come back the next week and say something like “my knee feels better, but now my hip hurts”.  Good, I replied – let’s see if we can peel a few more layers off the onion!  Feedback is feedback – and if we can non-judgmentally work with our body it is amazing what information we can gleam over time.  

Be aware of your sleeping positions

If you are stiffest first thing in the morning – analyze your sleeping position.  Is your spine able to rest in neutral or are you curled up like a pretzel with one leg in passé while side bending towards it:). Mattresses that are too soft or too hard can also be a culprit.  There is no one ‘right’ mattress for everyone.  Depends on whether you are a side sleeper or back sleeper along with your pattern of hip flexor tightness, etc.  

Traveling was always interesting to me as I got to try out lots of different mattresses and always looked at what the brand and type was when I had a super duper night of sleep.  Pillows are important to me as well as I am a side sleeper and need my top arm and bent top leg on a pillow.  I have created pillows by folding up bath towels in hotels if I didn’t have enough to have on either side of me so I can easily flip from side to side.  Perhaps not the most romantic way to sleep – but my spine, shoulders and neck are so much happier.  

Pinkie balls and foam rollers

Both of these tools along with a wide variety of other balls such as lacrosse balls, tennis balls, etc. can be very useful for targeting trigger points.  The challenge is to go firmly and sometimes slowly enough that you can feel the tissue easing up.  I like to find a point of soreness and then hold… breathing and trying to release tension in the spot and also all around it.  

I’m sitting on the sofa right now and just finished a break with my backnobber, a S-shaped tool that I’ve had for decades.  I found a pesky spot in my right gluteal area… worked the area around it as well for a minute and then came back to ‘the spot’.  Then I spent probably 2-3 minutes just holding pressure on the spot until I felt it release.  Much better!  

Release or relief doesn’t always happen as quickly as it just did for me.  It might take days or even a few weeks to feel like you have made progress.  What I will tell you is that after releasing that spot stretching my turnout muscles immediately feels much deeper and easier.  


A hot bath or sauna can feel SO good!  I’ve known a few people who  like to stretch in  the bath and even use a lacrosse or other rubber balls to work the outside of the hips and back of the the pelvis while in the tub.  I’ve used the backnobber on my upper back for a few minutes while sitting in an infrared sauna and then just relaxed and came out feeling noodle-like.  Best of both worlds… release work and heat!  


Stretching typically isn’t at the top of the list for trigger point relief although I like stretching after working with the pinkie ball or foam rolling.  The combination is a good one for me – but may not be for everyone.  

So there are some tips to try.  I’m sure there are more techniques and certainly other tools that are out there that can address trigger point discomfort.  Please share in the comments below if you have other suggestions!  

I’ve posted below a cool YouTube clip that has an explanation of what is going on in the muscle when you get a trigger point.  

And finally… I’ve started working on a 2 hour zoom/webinar on stretching. Stay tuned for more details!

To your success, 


How Fascia moves (or not) with lower back pain

We’re going to continue looking at fascia’s role in the lower back and spine moving easily and freely.

We know lower back pain is no longer just an ‘older’ person’s challenge. I have met many college age students with chronic lower back pain. There is often a correlation between their activity level and the amount of time spent sitting and studying.

Healthy fascia is elastic – it should be able to stretch or lengthen and then come back to its original shape without stress.

Inelastic fascia doesn’t move well – it’s like having muscles that are stiff and unyielding. The two ultrasound clips below show the movement of the thoracolumbar fascia (shown in image above in gray). You can see how the fascia in the person with no low back pain moves easily while in the second clip the fascia has limited movement in the person with lower back pain.

Clips originally from Langevin H, Fox J, Koptiuch C, Badger G, Greenan- Naumann A, Bouffard N, Konofagou E, Lee W, Triano J, Henry S (2011). “Reduced Thoracolumbar Fascia Shear Strain in Human Chronic Low Back Pain”. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. (These clips are licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic license.)

Fascia needs to be well-hydrated, elastic and plastic (previous post) and kept in optimal order by good posture. Remember your postural habits influence and organizes your fascia. If you have a regular habit of slumping… then the fascia will shorten to reflect that. For dancers, it isn’t so much the posture we have in class, but our daily postural habits that can get us in trouble! And now… I’m going to go for a walk after sitting at the computer to type this!

To your success,


Higher Arabesque

I’m a 14 year old pre-professional ballet dancer.  I’ve always been told by teachers that I’m naturally more strong than flexible, and I’ve really had to work hard to acquire the flexibility I do have.  I really want to improve my arabesque!  I know for a fact that my abdomen, hamstrings and hip flexors are naturally pretty tight along with the fact that the muscles in my lower back aren’t particularly strong.

I have been doing strength exercises for my lower back and stretching the front of my hips diligently for the past 4 months, and have seen a significant amount of strength gained in my back but not so much improvement in the hips.  When I do an arabesque now, I can see that my lower back is about perpendicular to the floor rather than tilted forward like before.  But, I’m frustrated because, if anything, my leg has gotten LOWER.  I want to get it higher!  Please help me to understand why these exercises have gotten my back straighter yet not my leg higher.  I’d appreciate any additional exercises you could think of to help stretch my tight areas as well.  Thanks so much! I want to hip this height issue in the behind… literally!

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Sacroiliac pain

I am a dance teacher and have been experiencing pain in my sacro-iliac joint on my left side.  I figure it may be due to my demonstrating most exercises with my right leg and being supported on the left.

I have been to a chiropractor who helped me isolate the problem, but none of the treatments really helped ease the pain.  The next step they recommend is to have an MRI done.  Is there anything else I could try or anyone I should see before going through that expense?  I’m finding that the pain is getting worse, and all I can figure to do is to ice it during the day.

Just as an added bit of info:  I started carrying my bag on a cart this week instead of on my shoulder, and for the first time in a while, when I got out of bed this morning, I didn’t notice the usual pain in my back.  Maybe some connection?

You’re the best!  Lisa

fullbody-1-142x300Lisa, carrying a bag on your shoulder most likely didn’t cause the pain – but it may have been exacerbating it!  I’ve seen really interesting connections between movement patterns and shoes, purses, backpacks, bags, you name it:) The challenge with carrying a bag (I’m envisioning a dance bag that hasyour day packed inside of it) is the shift it creates between the torso and the pelvis.  Let’s say that you have it slung over your right shoulder or even crossed from your left shoulder to the right hip – automatically the pelvis shifts to accommodate the extra bulk.  (See image on the right and imagine a bag hanging on the right side of his hip.)  Do you see how the left side of the lower back and pelvis is crunched up?

It’s interesting that you mentioned that you typically demonstrate by standing on the left and having the right leg be your gesture leg.  Same pattern of slight pelvic shift left torso shift right.  I know it is traditional to always start with the right leg – but it might be good for you and for your students to mix it up every now and then and start off on the opposite leg!  Also check when sitting in a chair if you like to cross your right leg over your left more often…. same pattern:)

Now I have no idea if this is your pattern in standing but you can stand facing the mirror and look to see if you have any shifting – and in the meantime, if pulling your bag behind you rather than carrying it helps – keep doing it!  The other aspect of SI joint problems besides a pelvic torso shift is looking at whether or not the pelvis is torqued.  This can easily happen with a tight iliacus muscle (the ilio part of the iliopsoas muscle)

In the short clip below from Essential Anatomy: A Multimedia Course – I demonstrate how to check for a torqued pelvis.  Since I’ve taken this clip out of sequence let me explain that if you feel the bones at the front of the pelvis those points are your ASIS.  Ideally those 2 points of the pelvis should be even with each other.  When you have a torque, one ASIS will be lower towards your knees (generally on the side where you feel the discomfort in the back).  It’s as if one side of the pelvis is being draw forward and down. The torque happens at the sacroiliac joint and can cause pain.  The side that has the ASIS that is lower (in the clip the right side of the pelvis) will have more limited hip flexion.

Sometimes stretching the hip flexors will help to reduce the torque on the pelvis, and often I do a triggerpoint release to the iliacus muscle, which can help a lot.  I do teach dancers to release their iliacus triggerpoint themselves, but that is beyond the scope of a blog post.  I would encourage you to ask a physical therapist or the chiropractor if they can see if the triggerpoint is sore and how to release it.

Generally, when the release of the iliacus is succesful, the ASIS are even and you can bring your knee more easily towards your chest.  When there has been chronic inflammation or strain in an area it can take some time to calm down – but you will know you are on the right path – because it feels better!

Best wishes for a speedy recovery!


“Education is the key to injury prevention”

Scoliosis tips

I am a ballet teacher and I have a student that is 15 and just found out she has scoliosis. She has been dancing all her life and is a good dancer. When I found out that she has scoliosis it put some things into perspective about her body and how she uses it. She has always had very tight hips and has an arch in her lower back. I was getting ready to give her the exercises from the Analyzing Turnout DVD but I wanted to ask you if there is anything that I shouldn’t have her do or better yet anything different that she can do to work around the scoliosis? Her limitations in this area make so much more sense to me know that I know what she is dealing with. She is affected in the thorax region and I would like to help her any way I can. She has aspirations of having a career in dance so any guidance you could give me would be greatly appreciated.

On another note, you are amazing! I have LOVED everything you have done and use it on a daily basis while teaching. When I was growing up and being taught ballet no one cared about how your body was built and how that played into learning how to use it. I think I am finally getting through to my students that it is okay if you don’t have perfect turnout and if you work correctly you can increase your turnout and still be able to move around when you are older.

Thanks so much for all you have done and are continuing to do for the dance community! I have had several other teachers sign up to get your newsletter and they all have enjoyed it as well!

Have a great day!


Great question!  Let’s talk about scoliosis.  There are 2 primary categories of scoliosis, the type that is idiopathic and comes on during the early adolescent growth, and a type I’ll call functional scoliosis, which is when the spine responds to a leg length different or other structural/muscular asymmetry.   Sometimes there is a combination of both.

I had a wonderful dancer/client I’ll call Sunshine (not her real name – but she had such a positive attitude:) who had her scoliosis picked up around the normal time of 12 -13 years of age.  She went to a doctor who specialized in scoliosis who said she needed to have surgery because the curve was greater than 40 degrees.   The mom was not about to say yes to surgery before they tried everything else first because she accurately understood that scoliosis surgery is one of the most difficult surgeries for children.  That is when they came to me.

I looked at Sunshine’s standing alignment and saw that she had leg length discrepancy and when I put something under the heel of her shorter leg, it improved (decreased) the spinal curves.  That was encouraging.  It meant that there was an aspect of her scoliosis that was functional.

One of her major curves in the thoracic area had a major rotary component to it.  It is what people see when a student with scoliosis rounds over…. The ribs rounding back on one side.

We started working on increasing her ability to rotate more evenly through all the areas of the spine.   You see every time the spine has lateral flexion (or side bends) it will always rotate.  It does this to take the stress off that area of the spine.

Try this.  Sidebend your head so your right ear goes towards your right shoulder.  Leave it side bent to the right (which is right lateral flexion of the neck) and now turn your chin first to the right, down towards your shoulder, and then rotate it to the left, up towards the ceiling.  It felt freer when you rotated right – yes?  This is an example of how the spine wants to rotate to take the strain away from the side bending.

I had her do twisted push-ups against the wall – doing more on the side with less flexibility.  She imagined a huge X going from the shoulders to the opposite hips – and instead of slumping into her normal standing alignment, which was sinking into one hip, she constantly corrected herself to imagine the 2 lines of her imaginary X were the same length.

click here to open short Quick Time clip showing twistedpushup (keep hips facing front, twist upper body to wall)

She had exercises (primarily rotation) received massage and craniosacral work to support the new muscle patterning, put a heel lift under the short leg – which she wore everywhere including her soft slipper – just not in modern class.  The lion’s share of the rehab I will give credit solely to her commitment to making postural changes.  This is not easy as an adolescent!

Sunshine went back to the doctor 3 months later, then 6 months later – and since she was showing improvement in her x-rays he allowed her to continue whatever she was doing☺!   She never did have surgery and continued to dance, graduating with a dance degree from college and is now dancing professionally with a company based in France!

The point of this longish story is not to say that surgery is NEVER needed – rather it is to encourage any parent who has a child recently diagnosed with scoliosis to make sure there are no functional aspects to the scoliosis that could be addressed.

As far as your question about giving her the exercises from the Turnout DVD – yes, you can give her any of them.  I would especially encourage you to see if her iliopsoas and hip flexors are tight – and then to have her focus on stretching them. Check or have someone check to see if there is a structural leg length difference that might be exacerbating the curve – and focus on giving her many images for long spine and one that easily rotates!

Hope this helps……

Warmest regards,

Arch in back

Thank you so much for all the information you provide on your web site and in Tune Up Your Turnout! Since I have a sway back, it was a nice surprise to buy a book about turnout and also get so much help with alignment.

After stretching the hip flexors (it’s like a miracle!) I can now lay on the floor with both legs straight and much less arch in my back, but only if my shoulders are forward (my whole spine is on the ground but the sides of my shoulders are up off the ground a little bit). If I press the shoulders down to the ground, the huge arch comes back. Is that a problem, and is there anything I can do to improve?

I know it’s going to take a while to get my alignment figured out, since the sway back has been there for years and I’ve only been doing ballet for a few months. I just want to make sure I’m doing the best I can and not putting any strain on the wrong muscles.


Sounds like you might have a problem with your lat muscles or the muscles on the front of the chest, the pecs.  Either of those will draw your shoulders forward in the way you described.









Try this…. lie down on the floor as you described and get a sense of how much your back arches when you press the shoulders down. Then go a doorway and stand in the doorway with your right arm bent at a right angle and placed against the door frame. (Your hand to your elbow will be on the wall or door frame) Gently press your arm against the wall while you turn towards the left slowly. You’ll feel a stretch in the front of the chest on the right side. Do the same with the other arm.

recheck your alignment on the floor

Then go back to the doorway and this time you are going create a C curve to stretch the lats. Place your both hands on the edge of the doorframe, and then bow your body away from the door in a C shape. You’ll feel the stretch along the upper outside of the arm, going down the side of your body. Do both sides. (you’ll need to be on the other side of the door for the other side)

recheck your alignment on the floor

What did you learn? Did it increase your ability to lie on your back and have your shoulders less rounded forward while keeping your back in good alignment?

For many it will.

Happy stretching!!


PS:  If you are interested in the Science of Dance Training Summer conference please let me know by March 24th.  Thank you!

“Education is the key to injury prevention”

Bone Bruise

Last week during an over enthusiastic assemblé I managed to slip, flip into the air, and fall on my back. My doctor said I bruised a bone; my sacroiliac joint. It has been nearly 2 weeks, and I have been resting it. However, it still hurts to développé do the left side, left passe, and land on the left side (it’s my left sacroiliac joint). I am supposed to start intense ballet classes next week. What should I do? Will dancing with the bone bruise make it worse, even though nothing is touching it? Is it ok to dance through this pain? Is the pain that I experience during passe due to damaged ligaments or something? I am really nervous about this.

Thanks, Miriam

Ouch! Bone bruises can take a long time to heal. You were right to make sure there was no fracture in the area – and then I’m imagining the doctor told you to ice the area to help decrease inflammation. With bone bruises you won’t see a lot of visible swelling, but rest assured, it’s there – so icing can help.

My concern is that you fell on the sacroiliac area so you may have created a small torque at that joint which isn’t helping your rehabilitation. Remember there is a small amount of movement that is possible at the sacroiliac joint, and it’s possible that landing so heavily on one side could have created a small shift.

Do you notice a difference in your discomfort between standing in parallel and doing a passé and doing it in turnout? If standing in parallel is better than in turnout you may have strained the deep external rotators – which are the turnout muscles)

Gentle stretching is the key.

Try sitting on a chair and cross your left ankle over your right thigh. Lace your hands underneath your left knee and gently press your left knee into your hands. This turns on the deep gluteal muscles. Now keep a gentle pressure down into your hands as you slightly tilt forward with a straight back. Think of the sits bones reaching back into space. You’ll feel a stretch somewhere in the left buttock area. If it is too strong – don’t tilt forward so much. You are in control of how much effort and how much pull – and it should be comfortable, not painful.

After doing this 1 – 3 times on each side – stand back up and try first position passé. Is there a difference? Any easier?

After a fall like you took you need to be aware and watchful for muscular imbalances and possible strains as after all – it wasn’t just the pelvis that took the hit. You have lots of muscles in that area that also were impacted and that is where I would have you focus your attention. The hip flexors might also be involved, and doing extra stretches may be useful.

As always…. listening to your body’s messages is key. If doing a specific movement increases your discomfort pull back. Think about what is different about that movement from movements that don’t hurt. Then you can begin to investigate more specifically what muscle area you need to attend to. It is often hard to figure out what is muscle and what might be ligament in an area such as the sacroiliac joint, but with gentle exploration you can begin to tease out more specifics as to what makes it worse and what makes it better. If you don’t feel that you are making a fast enough recovery I would encourage you to see a good physical therapist to check out the range of motion of both hips and the muscular balance around the pelvis.

Sending you positive intentions for a speedy recovery!



“Education is the key to injury prevention”

Flat spine and back pain

Announcement: Anneliese Burns Wilson has a great offer of a free download for a modern lesson. Check it out at She also has a free download to a ballet lesson. Anneliese is my co-author for the Functional Anatomy for Dancers series and is a fantastic resource for us all!

Secondly – I have a few spaces left in my Analyze This! Train Your Eye for Dance. It’s going to be a fantastic opportunity to hone your analysis skills. I’ve never offered this information before – and – I’m not sure I will again. Click Here for more details

I have a student who has experienced back pain. Here is her mother’s description of what the doctor said about her x-rays: “She has a reverse curve shape of the bone structure in her neck. There is definitely a narrowing of the spaces between the vertebrae at the base of the neck. There might be bone fusion that has already occurred. She has been having lower back pain and may have some narrowed spaces in the lower lumbar also.”

What does this mean for her dancing? What may I be doing as her teacher to help warm up her body before ballet? What do I need to be careful of? She is doing Cecchetti level 6 work.

Thanks! Carroll

I’m always so appreciative of teachers who ask questions – and wonder why? It’s those questions that started me on my own path – having students come up and say, my right knee bothers me when I’m doing plié in 5th – why? My left arabesque is higher than my right – why?

We know the spine is composed of 3 curves. At the neck and lower back areas the curve goes forward towards the front of the body, and in the chest area it curves towards the back of the body. These curves are essential for shock absorption.

I have seen young ballerinas work hard to make their neck absolutely flat. The center of their ear is just behind the middle of their shoulder. Flattening the neck creates a flattening response in the rest of the spine – similarly – flattening the lower back will often create flattening of the curves above it.

All bodies, including the prepubescent ballet body, should have curves to it. The buttocks should round slightly behind the lower back. As the x-ray report states, decreasing the curves of the spine will decrease the spaces between the vertebrae. This isn’t good.

Okay – we’ve established the fact that you need to have curves in your spine. Now how do you help her as her teacher? I would begin by putting her on the floor or mat and having her feel how there is space between her neck and her lower back and the floor. Her first impulse will be to flatten those areas. Then I would bring her up to standing and place her against the wall with her buttocks lightly touching and nothing else – so she again can have some feedback of what it feels like to have a natural curve in those areas. (decreased curve)

Warming up before class would focus on releasing tension. Watch her carefully for straining and pushing to put her body ‘in alignment’. Easy spinal swings, relaxing over a physioball (on her back as well as on her stomach) will feel good. I’m assuming that her physician has put her in physical therapy and she has exercises to do to help redevelop the natural curves to the spine.

Most of all – be aware of her standing stiffly, pulling her head back and up. The other pattern will be tucking under the pelvis. I’m not sure which end of the spine is more the culprit for her – but I imagine you have some ideas from being her teacher!

Having her discomfort decrease will be postive indicators that you are on the right track!

Warm regards,


“Education is the key to injury prevention”

Another Podcast from the Science of Dance Training!

Lisa Howell and I have recorded another podcast and put it on our own iTune channel!

If you have iTunes on your computer open it up, and then go to the iTunes store. Then you want to click on podcasts. Put Deborah Vogel in the Search iTunes store space on the top right of the window and click return. The Science of Dance Training should pop up – and you can then subscribe to our channel! You will be able to automatically download any future podcasts right into iTunes! (Forgive me if the instructions seem like duh…. of course…. since I don’t have an iPod I didn’t know how to subscribe to a podcast channel before yesterday!)

It’s a large file – which is why I can’t post it on my website directly – but please do go and check it out! All the questions we answer are on backs and spines!


Back and Neck Pain

Quick announcement before we get into this week’s question on neck and back pain. I’m so pleased to be able to now offer pinkie balls for sale, 4 for $10! You will find them under products, then click on equipment.

Also… it brings me great pleasure to offer Rebecca Dietzel’s A Dancer’s Guide To Healthy Eating! She is an anatomist who specializes in biochemistry. She teaches anatomy and kinesiology for the Ailey/Fordham BFA program as well as counseling dancers in nutrition. In the near future I’ll post a podcast that Rebecca has so generously offered to record – just for the Dancing Smart Website! More details to come.

Onto the question of the week…


I have a student who has experienced back pain. Here is her mother’s description of what the doctor said about her x-rays:

“She has a reverse curve shape of the bone structure in her neck. There is definitely a narrowing of the spaces between the vertebrae at the base of the neck. There might be bone fusion that has already occurred. She has been having lower back pain and may have some narrowed spaces in the lower
lumbar also.”

What does this mean for her dancing? What may I be doing as her teacher to help warm up her body before ballet? What do I need to be careful of? She is doing Cecchetti level 6 work.

Thanks! Carroll


When we look at the normal curves of the spine you can see that there is an arching to the lumbar and cervical curves. (this spine is facing right, the body of the vertebrae are on the inside of the body, and the bumps that you feel along the spinal column are the spinous processes on your back)

These three curves should be in balance, meaning that when one part curves more or rotates the other areas of the spine respond because they are connected.

Now imagine a young dancer who is pulling their chin back and up. I have seen many dancers work to make their spines ‘look’ flat and have that elegant neck that is so desired. You do want the ears over the shoulder and the head balanced easily on top of the neck. You create that by lengthening the whole spine upwards – not – by pulling the chin back.

Watch to make sure your young student doesn’t have an erroneous image of what it means to stand up straight and look like a dancer!

I always encourage my dancers (and non dancers) to warm up by rotating their spine easily and effortlessly. Spine health is often equated with the ability to rotate, and as I have mentioned in prior posts every time there is a lateral curve of the spine there is rotation. (I have never seen a perfectly straight spine – so we all have some degree of lateral curves). We want to be able to rotate the neck, upper back, and lower back evenly to the right and the left.

Your dancer probably is experiencing more discomfort in her lower back area over her neck. The neck is supporting the weight of the head while the pelvis and lower spine carries the weight of everything above it. How well aligned the spine is will determine how it travels through to the legs and how much or little muscular effort is required in standing.

The fact that she has narrowed disc spaces in this area as well is confirmation that something is off in her alignment. I’m assuming that her physician has put her into physical therapy where the PT can evaluate any muscular imbalances.

You don’t mention whether she is slightly tight muscularly, or more of a loosey-goosey flexible dancer. This will help to determine the type of exercises and stretches that would be most appropriate to bring her alignment back to neutral. This is what physical therapy will focus on.

As her teacher, your guidance in having her move in efficient alignment, with just enough muscle effort to create the movement without overworking is invaluable. My intuition tells me she is working too hard – pulling up too hard – and encouraging her to be a little more gentle with herself and her dancing and to enjoy how beautifully her body is moving would be helpful.

Until next time…. be well!


“Education is the key to injury prevention”